ToxStrategies congratulates our President and co-founder Dr. Laurie Haws on being elected Vice President-Elect of the Society of Toxicology (SOT)! Dr. Haws and the full slate of newly elected officers and committee members will begin their terms on May 1st. SOT, founded in 1961, is a professional and scholarly organization of scientists from academic institutions, government, and industry, representing the great variety of scientists who practice toxicology in the US and abroad. Dr. Haws is passionate about the Society’s mission to create a safer and healthier world by advancing the science and increasing the impact of toxicology. She is a graduate of the Curriculum in Toxicology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, a Diplomate of the American Board of Toxicology (DABT), and a Fellow of the Academy of Toxicological Sciences (ATS). Dr. Haws has more than 30 years of experience in the areas of toxicology, human health risk assessment, risk communication, and scientific and regulatory policy.
ToxStrategies/21CT scientists are among the authors of a poster for the Annual Meeting of the American College of Toxicology, to be held virtually on November 10 through 19, 2021. The poster (by Amy Kimzey, Brian Welsh, and Marcie Wood) discusses the process of deriving exposure-based limits for impurities that might be encountered in pharmaceuticals for direct-to-brain administration and presents relevant case studies. The poster reviews three case studies—a salt, an alcohol, and an endogenous molecule—that exemplify the challenges of determining a limit for direct-to-brain administration routes. Dr. Kimzey will be available live on Monday, November 15 from 3:30 to 5:30 EST for a Q&A regarding their findings.
With the increasing prevalence of systematic reviews in toxicology and environmental research, a team of prominent scientists in the field convened a workshop to address the issue of ensuring scientific quality and integrity in this body of study. Dr. Daniele Wikoff, of ToxStrategies, was a member of this team, helping to apply the principles and methods of systematic review to the review process itself. The team proposed 58 editorial interventions, of which 26 were assessed as “potentially effective.” Of that group, five actions were highlighted as relatively easy for editors to implement in the effort to improve the quality of systematic reviews. The study was published in ALTEX, a journal focusing on alternatives to animal experimentation.
ToxStrategies Information Specialist Ms. Seneca Fitch is among a group of scientists from the regulatory community, academia, the pharmaceutical industry, and consulting who have published an article in Scientific Reports (an open-access publication of the journal Nature). The paper investigates why some new drugs, having survived the rigorous process of animal and human testing necessary to bring them to market, end up causing unexpected, and sometimes severe, adverse drug reactions in the wider patient population (killing more than 10,000 patients annually in the United States). The authors point out that a battery of new tests and techniques have emerged in the last few decades (referred to as new approach methods [NAMs]) to study the mechanisms of toxicity of chemicals and identify endpoints of concern. Pursuing three separate evidence streams for specific drugs associated with drug-induced liver injury, they propose a “paired-compound approach” to comparing various tests, to reach a systematic, transparent, and evidence-based approach to drug development.
ToxStrategies’ scientists have proposed potential expansions of the use cases for the threshold of toxicological concern (TTC) in human health risk assessment applications. Analyses indicate that conservative TTC values for chemicals are, on average, approximately six-fold lower than IRIS derived reference dose (RfD) values for noncancer effects. The findings have three potential applications: (1) serve as provisional toxicity values estimated from TTC Cramer Classifications in data-poor or emergency situations, (2) serve as a comparator for toxicity criteria derived by multiple agencies or stakeholders, and (3) identify RfD values that might warrant reanalysis when they are substantially lower than their corresponding TTC value. Importantly, the findings reaffirm the health protective nature of TTC values, with the majority of TTC values being lower than their corresponding RfD values.
The open-access article was published in Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology.
Dr. Susan Borghoff, Director of ToxStrategies’ Center of Excellence for 21st Century Toxicology, was invited to participate in the inaugural Conference on Reducing Animal Testing for Chemical Safety, convened on December 17, 2019, by EPA’s Office of Pesticide Programs. Approximately 60 scientists from government, academia, and industry were present at the full-day meeting, and were joined by more than 600 individuals in the morning session via teleconference. The gathered experts in environmental and chemical safety research discussed advancements in New Approach Methods (NAMs), to assess the current state of chemical safety research and discuss scientifically valid alternatives to animal testing. According to EPA, “This event, which will take place annually, is a major step in implementing [the Agency’s vision] to aggressively pursue reductions in animal testing.”
Dr. Borghoff brought her expertise in study design and managing research and regulatory-driven toxicology to the breakout group that discussed “Variability and Relevance of Current Animal Tests and Expectations of NAMs.” In her 30-year career, Dr. Borghoff has managed diverse research programs for both industry and government clients. Recent efforts have been focused on the development and implementation of a framework to evaluate both in vitro and in vivo mechanistic data into hazard characterization.